A general law is a law that is not specific to a single situation. This is the same requirement for law as for an order. The principle of generality is reflected in constitutional antipathy towards Bills of Attainder. The principle of generality dictates that laws should be made in accordance with general rules that can act impersonally and impartially.
Principles of the Rule of Law
In a constitutional democracy, the rule of law is fundamental. It ensures that the same rules apply to everyone and that powers are separated among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The rule of law also ensures that laws are made by the people, for the people, and by those who represent them. Furthermore, under the rule of law, all people are presumed innocent unless proven guilty, and their right to remain silent is protected by the constitution.
The legality of law is important for protecting individuals from bad behavior. It guarantees certain basic rights to citizens, such as freedom of association and property ownership. Moreover, it ensures a minimum standard of living. Despite its importance, the legality of law often fails to protect individuals.
Separation of powers
Separation of powers is a political concept that helps to balance power in the state. It divides the tasks of government into three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. These branches are supposed to check and balance each other and ensure that no one is exercising more power than the other. This principle is a fundamental element of the Rule of Law and is enshrined in the Constitution.
Private law is a branch of civil law that deals with the relationships between people. It involves torts, contracts and obligations.
International law is a body of rules and laws that govern relations between states. It also applies to subjects and activities that cross international borders.
Aviation law is the set of rules that govern the operation and maintenance of aircraft. It is governed by both the federal and state governments and by administrative agencies that regulate air traffic.